Mental Health Counselor License Requirements in Vermont

Vermont’s Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselors (LCMHCs) are under the jurisdiction of the Board of Allied Mental Health.

LCMHCs must complete qualifying graduate programs, work under supervision for two years, and pass a series of examinations. While fulfilling postgraduate practice, they are registered with the state as unlicensed psychotherapists.

Education Requirements

The prospective mental health counselor must complete a degree at the master’s level or higher. The degree must meet the Board’s definition of “counseling or counseling related”

This means that, in order for a counselor to qualify for license by examination, certain coursework must be included in the original degree. Other courses may be taken post-degree, if necessary.

Qualifying Degree: A qualifying degree includes a course in “diagnosis, assessment, and treatment”. It includes at least 600 hours of internship. Moreover, it includes at least three credit hours in no fewer than five of the seven core areas listed below:

  • Human growth and development
  • Counseling theory
  • Counseling skills
  • Treatment modalities
  • Groups
  • Professional orientation and ethics
  • Measurement

Additional Coursework Requirements: Before a license can be conferred, the counselor must complete coursework in all core areas listed above. The individual must complete additional internship, if necessary, to total 1,000 hours. (Practicum may be credited as the first 100 hours.)

Additionally, the student must have coursework in the following areas, which may or may not have been included in the original degree program:

  • Multicultural studies
  • Career development/ lifestyle appraisal
  • Research and evaluation

At least two of the following courses will be required:

  • Addiction disorders
  • Crisis intervention
  • Marriage and family counseling
  • Human sexuality for counselors
  • Psychopharmacology

Total program length must be 60 semester hours. However, candidates can be licensed on the basis of shorter degree programs, provided that they make up the additional courses post-master.

Courses may go by different titles; a description of course content can be found in the application packet.

Examination Requirements

Ultimately, a Vermont counselor will need to pass two examinations: the National Counselor Examination, or NCE, and the National Clinical Mental Health Counseling Examination, or NCMHCE. Both examinations are offered by the National Board for Certified Counselors. Candidates become eligible after they have met educational requirements.

Some candidates take the NCE during their final term in a qualifying graduate program. Those that do so must provide official score verification from the NBCC.

In other instances, the Vermont Board will evaluate education and provide examination registration. A candidate who has been board authorized will send registration to the NBCC along with a $195 testing fee. The candidate will wait for postcard/ email confirmation from the NBCC before scheduling an examination. Examinations are scheduled through Applied Measurement Professionals (AMP). An approved candidate may call 888-519-9901 or visit

Examinations are available in-state in Burlington. Vermont candidates are also welcome to schedule at approved testing sites located in other states. Examinations are available on weekdays during the first two full weeks of each month (excluding major holidays). Some sites have Saturday scheduling.

Examination information is available on the Vermont page of the NBCC website (

Supervised Practice Requirements

Graduates will need to work under supervision for a period of at least two years. They must accrue at least 3,000 experience hours, with at least 2,000 consisting of direct service.

The supervisor may be licensed as a clinical mental health counselor or as a clinical social worker, psychiatric nurse practitioner, marriage and family therapist, or psychologist. Supervision by a medical doctor is permissible if the doctor is certified in psychiatry. Whatever his or her discipline, the supervisor must have held a license in good standing for at least three years.

The unlicensed psychotherapist will need at least 100 hours of face-to-face supervision (a rate of one hour per thirty experience hours). At least 50 of the supervision hours must be individual. Group supervision sessions may include up to six supervisees.

The candidate may begin after all degree requirements have been met, even if the formal graduation date is still in the future – provided that he or she is registered with the Board.

The Application Process

Registration: An in-state candidate will file an application for registration as an unlicensed, uncertified psychotherapist before commencing supervision. The individual will prepare a public disclosure statement, answer professional fitness questions, and demonstrate “good standing” or compliance on state taxes and on child support, court fines, or restitution (if applicable). A $75 fee is due at this stage.

License Application: In-state candidates also submit license applications before meeting all requirements; the Board notes that early application is encouraged. Coursework must be documented through course descriptions or syllabi. Internship may be documented through a letter from the internship site or school.

The license application fee is $125.

The supervisor will provide a report at the conclusion of the supervisory period; this will include an assessment of performance and recommendation for independent practice. The Vermont Board will also require documentation of supervisor license.

Registration and licensure application forms are available online

Out-of-State Counselors

Counselors who have held mental health counseling licensure or certification in other states are required to submit verification.

Those who have practiced fewer than five years can be licensed by endorsement if the state had substantively equivalent standards; a copy of the regulations will be required. Those who came from states that required only one licensing examination (either the NCE or NCMHCE) will need to take the remaining examination.

Those who have been licensed and in active practice for five years are not required to demonstrate that all standards have been met on the level Vermont requires. Counselors seeking licensure on the basis of “five year rule” will not need to provide a copy of state statutes and rules but will need a letter documenting active practice.

Additional information

The Vermont Board of Allied Mental Health can be found on the web at

The licensing specialist can be reached at (802) 828- 2390.

The Vermont Mental Health Counselors Association, a state chapter of the American Mental Health Counselors Association, provides information and resources, but is not involved with the licensing process

The Information on this Page was Retrieved 10/25/2023